MITRE ATT&CK, MITRE D3FEND, and MITRE RE&CT are all frameworks developed by MITRE to help organizations understand and mitigate cyber threats. However, they each have a different focus and purpose.
MITRE ATT&CK (Adversarial Tactics, Techniques, and Common Knowledge)
MITRE ATT&CK is a knowledge base of adversary tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs). It describes the common methods that attackers use to gain access to systems, steal data, and disrupt operations. ATT&CK is used by organizations to assess their security posture, develop detection and prevention strategies, and train their security teams.
- Purpose: MITRE ATT&CK is a widely recognized framework that focuses on the tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) used by adversaries during cyberattacks. It provides a structured and comprehensive model for understanding and categorizing cyber threats.
- Content: ATT&CK provides a matrix that outlines various tactics (e.g., initial access, execution, persistence) and techniques (e.g., spear-phishing, privilege escalation) used by adversaries. It is continually updated with real-world threat intelligence.
- Usage: Organizations use MITRE ATT&CK to improve their cybersecurity defenses, threat detection, and incident response capabilities by mapping their security controls and detection capabilities to specific ATT&CK techniques.
MITRE D3FEND (Data Delivered for ENterprise Network Defense)
MITRE D3FEND is a knowledge base of defensive techniques and strategies. It describes the methods that organizations can use to prevent and mitigate attacks described in ATT&CK. D3FEND is used by organizations to design and implement security controls, prioritize their security investments, and measure the effectiveness of their security programs.
- Purpose: MITRE D3FEND is a complementary project to MITRE ATT&CK. While ATT&CK focuses on adversary tactics and techniques, D3FEND focuses on how to defend against those techniques by protecting data and assets.
- Content: D3FEND provides a framework and knowledge base for defensive strategies and techniques, emphasizing data protection, network defense, and security controls.
- Usage: Organizations can use D3FEND to understand how to design and implement effective defenses against the techniques listed in MITRE ATT&CK. It helps in creating a more robust security posture.
MITRE RE&CT (Reaction, Education, and Conventional Thinking)
MITRE RE&CT is a framework for describing and categorizing incident response techniques. It provides a common language for organizations to share and communicate their incident response procedures. RE&CT is used by organizations to develop and improve their incident response plans, train their incident response teams, and automate their incident response processes.
- Purpose: MITRE RE&CT is not a standalone project but a component of MITRE ATT&CK. It focuses on the “R” (Reaction) part of ATT&CK and helps organizations improve their incident response and mitigation strategies.
- Content: RE&CT provides guidance and information on how to respond effectively to different attack techniques and incidents listed in ATT&CK. It includes information on detection, containment, eradication, and recovery strategies.
- Usage: Organizations can use MITRE RE&CT to enhance their incident response planning and training, ensuring that they can effectively respond to cyber incidents based on real-world threat intelligence.
|Assess security posture, develop detection and prevention strategies, train security teams
|Defensive techniques and strategies
|Design and implement security controls, prioritize security investments, measure security program effectiveness
|Incident response techniques
|Develop and improve incident response plans, train incident response teams, automate incident response processes
In summary, while ATT&CK focuses on understanding and documenting adversary tactics, D3FEND provides guidance on defense strategies, and RE&CT offers a knowledge base of actionable Incident Response techniques. They all play crucial roles in enhancing an organization’s cybersecurity strategy.